Spring Force and SHM
Let us cosider the force exerted on a mass by a spring attached to it.
This force take the form F = - k X
This force law is known as Hooke's law.
This Java applet let you familar with this kind of relation and simple harmonic motion¡C
How to play:
There is a spring on the table, a string is connected to the spring
over a light frictionless pulley.
You can attach mass/blocks to the spring :
- Move the mouse button with the blocks
- The color of those blocks above the mouse pointer will turn black.
- Click the mouse button to attach those black blocks to the spring.
- The mass of those attached blocks will be shown near another spring (to
The spring will relax to its equilibrium position.
You can detach mass/blocks from the spring
- Move the mouse button within the region of the attached blocks.
- The color of those blocks below the mouse pointer will turn black.
- Click the left mouse button to dettach those black blocks to the spring.
- If you click the right mouse button and drag it up/down,
- the force exerted on the spring will not balance the weight of the mass.
- It will starts to oscillate in simple harmonic oscillation (SHM)
Press the mouse button to suspend the animation, click it again to resume.
Press Stop button to reset the spring back to equilibrium position.
Press Reset button to reset parameters to default values.
|blue dots ||displacement ||Force|
|red dots||displacement ||Velocity|
- Find out the spring-constant?
- Green dot is the equilibrium position. How to determine the smpiltude of
- Measure the peroid of the oscillation. What is the relation between mass
and the period?
- What else did you find out?
If a spring with a mass attached to it is slightly stretched or compressed
and then let loose,
Many elastic systems (building, flagpoles, airplane wings, etc) behave
in a very similar fashion.