This applet shows the positon,velocity and accelerationvectors
of a point on the rim of a body rolling without slippingon a stationary surface.
1. The term freely rolling means that there is no slipping (v=rw)
at the point of contact with the ground--no skidding (v>rw) and no spinning in place (w>v/r),where v,r and w are the linear speed, radius and2. The center of the wheel has a linear speed (with respect to ground)
the angular speed of the rolling body.
equal to that of any point on its rim (with respect to center).3. For circular motion (in the reference frame
4. Observe the velocity vectors of a point on the rim
moving with the velocity of the center of the rolling body) :The acceleration a of a point always points in a direction
opposite the position vector r,and the velocity vector V is perpendicular to both of them.
5. The green curve shows the trajectory of a point on the rim.
of the rolling body.The white vector represents the velocity of the center
with resepect to ground and the red vector represents the velocity of the point
with respect to the center.The sum of these two vectors is the cyan vector
representing velocity of the point relative to ground.