The velocity of wave changes when wave move from one media into another media.
For light: The index of refraction is defined as n=c/v, where c is the speed of light in vacuum, and v is the speed of light in media.

The following animation use many dogs running from one region into another region.
Due to the condition on the ground , dogy's speed is different when running from one region into another region.
It obeys Snell's Law n_1 \sin\theta_1 =n_2 \sin\theta_2.

You can use n_1,n_2 slider to change speed of running dogs and c1 to change it moving direction.

/htdocs/ntnujava/ejsuser/2/users/ntnu/fkh/dogyrunning_refraction_pkg/dogyrunning_refraction.propertiesFull screen applet or Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
Press the Alt key and the left mouse button to drag the applet off the browser and onto the desktop. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Taiwan License
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