NTNUJAVA Virtual Physics Laboratory
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Author Topic: Reflection/Refraction  (Read 340185 times)
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Fu-Kwun Hwang
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on: January 29, 2004, 11:08:35 pm » posted from:,,Satellite Provider

Registed user can get files related to this applet for offline access.
Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
If java program did not show up, please download and install latest Java RUN TIME
There are 22 translations,
Higher number at the end means more translation been done.
or


This java applet shows the physics behind a beam of light impinging at some angle
    on the smooth/rough surface. (reflection/ total internal reflection/diffuse reflection and refraction)


The java applet was divided into two region lower half (water) and upper half (air).

Click links to switch: between water-air and air-water cases



Usage: You will find a flashlight under the water surface. (Picture)
    Click the blue region and drag the mouse button to move the flashlight.
    Click the green region and drag the mouse button to change the direction of the flashlight.
    Some of the light were reflected back to the water,
      and some of the light beam change their direction (refracted) into the air.

    When the angle is large enough, the refraction beams vanished ( Total internal reflection).


    Click the blue region twice, and the flashlight will turn into a laser pointer.


    You can move or change direction of the the laser point with similar way as metioned above.

    In laser pointer mode: click the water/air interface will change the property of the interface.
      Toggle between flat surface/rough surface.

    In rough surface mode: watch the diffuse reflection.

    In flat surface mode: a circle will be shown while drag the mouse button.

    • the length of yellow bar = the length of orange bar => law of reflection
    • The length of red bar/the length of yellow bar = constant (index of refraction) => law of refraction (Snell's law).


    Click the blue region of laser point to change back to flashlight mode.

    Enjoy/Play the java applet and learn the physics behind it!


Another similar applet can be found at Intensity of reflected s-wave/p-wave

Check out the following URL if you are interested in Guide To Choosing A Personal Flashlight.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mcOCrPCbyq4

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SMEf8nHTjI


Registed user can get files related to this applet for offline access.
Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
If java program did not show up, please download and install latest Java RUN TIME
There are 22 translations,
Higher number at the end means more translation been done.
or
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Reply #1 on: January 30, 2004, 10:56:17 am » posted from:,,Satellite Provider

Subject: Refraction Applet
Date: Thu, 23 Apr 1998 10:14:02 -0400
From: Sandee Coats-Haan <LA_COATSHAA@PO.SWOCA.OHIO.GOV>
To: hwang <hwang@phy03.phy.ntnu.edu.tw>
Is there any way to change the velocity vector and/or the medium thickness
on your refraction applet if you don't have a two button mouse?
Sandee (Lakota East High School Physics)
P.S. -- you have an incredible site
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Reply #2 on: January 30, 2004, 10:57:54 am » posted from:,,Satellite Provider

Subject: (no subject)
Date: Wed, 29 Apr 1998 22:13:08 -0500
From: Dion Sanchez <dion@insync.net>
To: hwang@phy03.phy.ntnu.edu.tw
I want to thank you for this page, it has helped me visualize what a text book could not.
I have been looking for something like this for a long time.
great stuff thanks. dion
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Reply #3 on: January 30, 2004, 11:25:17 am » posted from:,,Satellite Provider

Subject: Physics of Light
Date: Tue, 5 Jan 1999 21:13:57 -0400
From: "Reg & Lori Coppicus" <reg.lori.coppicus@ns.sympatico.ca>
To: <hwang@phy03.phy.ntnu.edu.tw>
Sir;
  Enjoyed very much the physics of light showing internal reflection, and
diffusion of the laser.
I look forward to examining more related Java applications, but a very good
presentation.

Reg Coppicus
Nova Scotia, Canada
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Reply #4 on: January 30, 2004, 12:45:31 pm » posted from:,,Satellite Provider

Subject: online interactive site
Date: Wed, 18 Aug 1999 11:11:06 -0400
From: RAYC1@ten-nash.ten.k12.ten.us
To: hwang@phy03.phy.ntnu.edu.tw
WOW!!!!!! Reflection and Refraction is WONDERFUL!!!!THANK YOU

Leslie Marra

lmarra@excite.com
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Reply #5 on: May 28, 2004, 08:58:28 am »

The, "Thin Lens & Mirror Demonstration," applet really helped me in my Physics studies. Thank You so much!
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cerysdad
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Reply #6 on: March 01, 2005, 04:30:28 am »

Excellent thank you ! Very useful.
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aone_off
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Reply #7 on: March 15, 2005, 06:35:26 am »

hi plz can i get the source file of this skill plz send it to my mail box
thanks a lot Smiley
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Reply #8 on: July 31, 2005, 04:49:48 pm »

i want to make a wesite of the physics based on x xi xii class label.i have need cd and study material if u have then please try to mail or send me thats i can give in india powerfull.
  deepak kumar
  236,Triveni appt.jhilmil colony new delhi india-1100095
  ph.no:-+91-11-22158693,9312271784
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jpellice
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Reply #9 on: September 13, 2005, 04:17:55 pm »

First of all thank you very much for your nice applet.

I had a problem to run the applet offline. May be the solution I found is useful to some people.

I think I had a compatibility problem with Java from Sun microsistems. I had to manually disable the Sun Java Console in the Internet Explorer. This can be done at Tools->Options-Advanced->Java > (Sun).

I am not familiar to Java. May be some one can shed more light to this type of problems.

Best regards,

Julio Pellicer
Spain
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Rodrigo Munoz
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Reply #10 on: October 15, 2005, 10:31:48 am »

Hi,
I have windows 98, and I see the applet Reflection/Refraction on line, but the files you sent me don't show the applet
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rodrigomunozsaa
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Reply #11 on: October 18, 2005, 08:53:38 am » posted from:Taipei,T'ai-pei,Taiwan

I just download the file and view it. It seems works fine with my computer.
Please open the java console and tell me what is the error message!

Another similar applet with more options can be found at Intensity of reflected s-wave/p-wave
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bülent
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Reply #12 on: April 01, 2007, 05:56:11 pm »

thank you very much. these applets are very usefull.
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valteruks
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Reply #13 on: April 23, 2008, 03:16:42 am » posted from:Siauliai,Siauliu Apskritis,Lithuania

Hello sir,

I am very interested in your applets, besides i am from Lithuania Smiley But i have very big question, i think this applet shows wrong angles, is any chances that you could fix it? I don't think that the angle can be more than 90 degree, and it shows more than 100.

Thanks
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Fu-Kwun Hwang
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Reply #14 on: April 23, 2008, 01:00:09 pm » posted from:Taipei,T\'ai-pei,Taiwan

The values shown are horizontal distance(not angle).
The ratio of those two distance is equal the ratio of refraction index for those two regions!
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valteruks
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Reply #15 on: April 23, 2008, 05:00:58 pm » posted from:Siauliai,Siauliu Apskritis,Lithuania

sorry i didn't understood  Embarrassed could you make that it show the angle?
Then i could use it in my lessons, because i am a physics teacher, and this applet is great Smiley
Very big thanks.
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Fu-Kwun Hwang
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Reply #16 on: April 23, 2008, 11:23:01 pm »

I can add those angles easily. But do you know why I did not do it that way?
Because I think what students will get are just two numbers.  Is it really better that way?
I hope we can discuss: Is it better to show those two angles? Especially, you want it to be shown in degree.

The real physics meaning of refraction law is the ratio of those two distances is a constant.
That is why I draw those two lines and show their distance.  And I hope students to find out the relations (for reflection and refraction cases).
And I think this is more important than just showing two numbers.

It is more difficult for student to find relation between those two numbers , especially if there were shown in degree.
Even there were shown in radian, the relation between those two number is n1*sin(c1) =n2*sin(c2).
Can student find more physics meaning with those numbers shown in applet?

I think we should keep the current version:
The ratio of those two distances (horizontal displacement) is a constant. And this is the physics of the refraction law.

n1*sin(c1) =n2*sin(c2) is a mathematics relation.
L1 and L2 are the distances shown in the applet.
sin(c1)=L1/R, and sin(c2)=L2/R
So n1*L1=n2*L2 is the result of refraction law.
Or  L1/L2=n2/n1  which is a constant.

This is the reason why the applet was designed this way, and  why I draw a circle to help students to find relation between those two distances when light is refracted (Law of refraction) ---  It is also the meaning of sin(c).
 
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valteruks
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Reply #17 on: May 12, 2008, 11:22:28 pm » posted from:Siauliai,Siauliu Apskritis,Lithuania

Hello sir

Yes for sure i would like to have a discussion. i have understood the meaning of sin (c1)*L1/R and sin(c2)= L2/R. But how can i tell what is R ? i am trying to understand, but i can't find the way? could you tell me?
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Fu-Kwun Hwang
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Reply #18 on: May 13, 2008, 10:09:29 am » posted from:Taipei,T\'ai-pei,Taiwan

R is the radius of the circle, and it can be any number which is greater than zero.
The ratio of L1/R is the same (mean the same angle).

For example: if you only have index of refraction for both media, and you do not have a calculator to calculate the value of sine function.
You can draw a circle with any radius R. With any incident ray, draw the horizontal displacement L1.
Then you know how to find the outgoing ray: the one with horizontal displacement L2=n1*L1/n2.

And I believe if you ask students to do this kind of exercise by hand, they will remember the refraction law.
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Bennigno
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Reply #19 on: February 05, 2010, 11:29:23 am » posted from:Mountain View,California,United States

Amazing demo. I find this website is definitely of Ace class. This is just a suggestion of considering negative index in which the students may be interested. It is good to give them some exposure to this topic now, i suppose.
CW
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Reply #20 on: March 02, 2013, 01:55:01 am » posted from:Guadalajara,Jalisco,Mexico

Muy buena información. Gracias.
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B. Ross
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Reply #21 on: May 31, 2013, 05:01:25 am » posted from:NEW YORK CITY,NEW YORK,UNITED STATES

Quote from: link=topic=49.msg329#msg329 date=1075436717
Subject: Physics of Light
Date: Tue, 5 Jan 1999 21:13:57 -0400
From: "Reg & Lori Coppicus" <reg.lori.coppicus@ns.sympatico.ca>
To: <hwang@phy03.phy.ntnu.edu.tw>
Sir;
   Enjoyed very much the physics of light showing internal reflection, and
diffusion of the laser.
I look forward to examining more related Java applications, but a very good
presentation.

Reg Coppicus
Nova Scotia, Canada

I think every one enjoy the lights even if does not like the physics.. hhahe
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B. Ross
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Reply #22 on: May 31, 2013, 10:30:56 am » posted from:Los Angeles,California,United States

Quote from: link=topic=49.msg329#msg329 date=1075436717
Subject: Physics of Light
Date: Tue, 5 Jan 1999 21:13:57 -0400
From: "Reg & Lori Coppicus"
To:
Sir;
   Enjoyed very much the physics of light showing internal reflection, and
diffusion of the laser.
I look forward to examining more related Java applications, but a very good
presentation.

Reg Coppicus
Nova Scotia, Canada


I think every one enjoy the lights even if does not like the physics.. hhahe

Actually ,it is not so easy to make good java appications.
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blcianiy
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Reply #23 on: July 22, 2013, 07:15:33 pm » posted from:Miami,Florida,United States

Quote from: link=topic=49.msg329#msg329 date=1075436717
Subject: Physics of Light
Date: Tue, 5 Jan 1999 21:13:57 -0400
From: "Reg & Lori Coppicus"
To:
Sir;
   Enjoyed very much the physics of led light showing internal reflection, and
diffusion of the laser.
I look forward to examining more related Java applications, but a very good
presentation.

Reg Coppicus
Nova Scotia, Canada

There have been studied which the java applications
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tia1
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Reply #24 on: November 27, 2013, 04:56:44 am » posted from:Zagreb,Grad Zagreb,Croatia

Hi,
I'm a teacher from Croatia, and I think your applets are great!
But I have one problem I can not run them off-line, what could be the reason for that?
Thank you very much!
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Fu-Kwun Hwang
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Reply #25 on: November 28, 2013, 07:07:07 pm »

You need to unzip the downloaded file and open the html file (for chinese version open index.html)  with your browser.
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