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"Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood." ..."Marie Curie 1867-1934, Polish born French Physicist, Twice Nobel Prize Winner- Physics and Chemistry)"
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Author Topic: Why the stream of water is narrower at the bottom?  (Read 9307 times)
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Fu-Kwun Hwang
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on: February 27, 2011, 11:02:06 am » posted from:Taipei,T\'ai-pei,Taiwan

The stream of water is fatter near the mouth of the faucet, and skinnier lower down. This can be understood using conservation of mass. Since water is being neither created nor destroyed, the mass of the water that leaves the faucet in one second must be the same as the amount that flows past a lower point in the same time interval. The water speeds up as it falls, so the two quantities of water can only be equal if the stream is narrower at the bottom.

Assume the velocity of water is v(0),
the speed will increase as it fall a height h, and v(h)=v(0)+\sqrt(2 g h), where g is the gravity.

The amount of water is proportional to v(h)A(h)=v(h) \pi r^2(h) which is a constant.
When the water speed , it's radius become smaller.
Assume r(0) is the initial radius, then r(h)=\frac{r(0)}{\sqrt{v(0)+2 g h}}

Modeling activity:
Try to drag the yellow square to fit with the shape of the water stream, by adjusting initial radius r(0)of the stream and initial speed v(0) of the water.

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Reply #1 on: February 28, 2011, 01:45:24 pm » posted from:SINGAPORE,SINGAPORE,SINGAPORE

may the actual data be shared?

i got r = 2.17 cm , v0 = 291 cm/s.

interesting sharing! thanks!

* modeling.PNG (76.8 KB, 544x475 - viewed 467 times.)
« Last Edit: February 28, 2011, 01:47:02 pm by lookang » Logged
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"Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood." ..."Marie Curie 1867-1934, Polish born French Physicist, Twice Nobel Prize Winner- Physics and Chemistry)"
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