NTNUJAVA Virtual Physics LaboratoryEnjoy the fun of physics with simulations! Backup site http://enjoy.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/
September 16, 2019, 01:46:29 pm
 Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.Did you miss your activation email? 1 Hour 1 Day 1 Week 1 Month Forever Login with username, password and session length

 Home Help Search Login Register
An interaction between two opposites produces a unique outcome. ..."Jules Henri Poincare(1854-1912, One of France's greatest mathematicians)"

 Pages: [1]   Go Down
 Author Topic: Dispersion of light with prism  (Read 13273 times) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. Click to toggle author information(expand message area).
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member

Offline

Posts: 954

 « Embed this message on: May 22, 2010, 12:17:30 am » posted from:,,Brazil

This following applet is Dispersion of light with prism
Created by prof Hwang Modified by Ahmed
Original project Dispersion of light with prism

When the light passes from one media into another media, the light beam is bent or refracted according to Snell's Law and the index of refraction of the material.
The speed of light is slower in various materials than it is in a vacuum.
The index of refraction of the material is defined as n=\frac{c}{v}, where c is the speed of light in vacuum and v is the speed of light in the material. The light is refracted because the speed of light is changed at the boundary.

The speed of light through a material varies slightly with frequency of the light. Thus, light with different frequency are refracted at a slightly different angle. This spreading out of the beam of light is called dispersion or chromatic dispersion.
Normally, we only see light with wavelength between 400nm-700nm. (This is the wavelength of light in vacuum, when light enter a material, the wavelength of light will changed because the speed of light is changed while the frequency of the light is always the same.)
The following applet show light enter a prism with different refraction index for different color of light (red:1.513,1.514,yellow:1.517,green:1.519,blue:1.528,1.532)

You can drag the arrow with mouse to change the location and direction of the light.
Angle of the prism can be adjusted with dslider bar.
Click play to see the slow motion of light and see the dispersion occurs.
When the simulation is paused. You can change the direction of light, click play again to see another dispersion effect.

Embed a running copy of this simulation

Embed a running copy link(show simulation in a popuped window)
Full screen applet or Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
Press the Alt key and the left mouse button to drag the applet off the browser and onto the desktop. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Taiwan License
• Please feel free to post your ideas about how to use the simulation for better teaching and learning.
• Post questions to be asked to help students to think, to explore.
• Upload worksheets as attached files to share with more users.
Let's work together. We can help more users understand physics conceptually and enjoy the fun of learning physics!
 Dispersion of light.gif (11.42 KB, 558x322 - viewed 685 times.) Logged
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member

Offline

Posts: 954

 « Embed this message Reply #1 on: October 02, 2010, 12:30:20 am » posted from:SAO PAULO,SAO PAULO,BRAZIL

Registed user can get files related to this applet for offline access.
Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
If java program did not show up, please download and install latest Java RUN TIME

This applet is Prism: Reflection and refraction design by prof Hwang
URL applet Prism: Reflection and refraction

Registed user can get files related to this applet for offline access.
Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
If java program did not show up, please download and install latest Java RUN TIME
 « Last Edit: October 02, 2010, 12:33:42 am by ahmedelshfie » Logged
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member

Offline

Posts: 954

 « Embed this message Reply #2 on: October 21, 2010, 05:59:13 pm » posted from:SAO PAULO,SAO PAULO,BRAZIL

In optics, a prism is a transparent optical element with flat, polished surfaces that refract light. The exact angles between the surfaces depend on the application. The traditional geometrical shape is that of a triangular prism with a triangular base and rectangular sides, and in colloquial use "prism" usually refers to this type.
Some types of optical prism are not in fact in the shape of geometric prisms. Prisms are typically made out of glass, but can be made from any material that is transparent to the wavelengths for which they are designed.
A prism can be used to break light up into its constituent spectral colors (the colors of the rainbow). Prisms can also be used to reflect light, or to split light into components with different polarizations.
How prisms work
Light changes speed as it moves from one medium to another (for example, from air into the glass of the prism). This speed change causes the light to be refracted and to enter the new medium at a different angle (Huygens principle). The degree of bending of the light's path depends on the angle that the incident beam of light makes with the surface, and on the ratio between the refractive indices of the two media (Snell's law). The refractive index of many materials (such as glass) varies with the wavelength or color of the light used, a phenomenon known as dispersion. This causes light of different colors to be refracted differently and to leave the prism at different angles, creating an effect similar to a rainbow. This can be used to separate a beam of white light into its constituent spectrum of colors. Prisms will generally disperse light over a much larger frequency bandwidth than diffraction gratings, making them useful for broad-spectrum spectroscopy. Furthermore, prisms do not suffer from complications arising from overlapping spectral orders, which all gratings have.
Prisms are sometimes used for the internal reflection at the surfaces rather than for dispersion. If light inside the prism hits one of the surfaces at a sufficiently steep angle, total internal reflection occurs and all of the light is reflected. This makes a prism a useful substitute for a mirror in some situations.

 prism1.jpg (20.6 KB, 503x600 - viewed 3588 times.)  Prism.jpg (3.16 KB, 220x165 - viewed 3268 times.) « Last Edit: October 21, 2010, 06:01:39 pm by ahmedelshfie » Logged
 Pages: [1]   Go Up
An interaction between two opposites produces a unique outcome. ..."Jules Henri Poincare(1854-1912, One of France's greatest mathematicians)"
Jump to:

 Related Topics Subject Started by Replies Views Last post It is fun to play with prism. (light trace and intensity due to refraction) Optics Fu-Kwun Hwang 2 30843 July 25, 2012, 08:23:38 am by Fu-Kwun Hwang Prsim optics (slow motion of light entering a prism) Optics Fu-Kwun Hwang 0 12118 February 25, 2007, 09:44:51 am by Fu-Kwun Hwang Dispersion of light with prism Optics Fu-Kwun Hwang 2 54723 November 04, 2009, 06:43:35 am by Fu-Kwun Hwang It is fun to play with prism. (light trace and intensity due to refraction) optics ahmedelshfie 2 12168 March 05, 2016, 10:57:15 pm by anolovers Air dispersion misc Fu-Kwun Hwang 0 6791 August 26, 2012, 06:39:01 am by Fu-Kwun Hwang
Page created in 0.089 seconds with 24 queries.since 2011/06/15