NTNUJAVA Virtual Physics Laboratory
Enjoy the fun of physics with simulations!
Backup site http://enjoy.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/
October 19, 2018, 02:35:25 pm *
Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
Did you miss your activation email?

Login with username, password and session length
 
   Home   Help Search Login Register  
Life is an inspiration. ..."Mahatma Gandhi(1869-1984, The greatest leader of modern India)"
Google Bookmarks Yahoo My Web MSN Live Netscape Del.icio.us FURL Stumble Upon Delirious Ask FaceBook

Pages: [1]   Go Down
  Print  
Author Topic: Elastic collision and in-elastic collision  (Read 6833 times)
0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. Click to toggle author information(expand message area).
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member
*****
Offline Offline

Posts: 954



«
Embed this message
on: April 27, 2010, 09:03:14 pm » posted from:,,Brazil

This applet created by prof Hwang
Modified by Ahmed
Original project Elastic collision and in-elastic collision

This simulation use a spring to simulate the process during collision for elastic and in-elastic collision.
The spring will be compressed when two objects collide with each other.
The spring will return back to it's original length for elastic collision.
However, the spring will keep at the largest compression (when both objects are the same speed), and both objects will move with the same speed later on.

The green curve show the sum of the kinetic energy for both objects, i.e. (1/2)m1*v12+(1/2)m2v22
The sum of two kinetic energy become smaller during collision, because some of the energy goes to potential energy of the spring. The energy will be released back when the collision is finished.
However, the energy will be loss during in-elastic collision.

The blue curve and gray curve are velocity curves for both objects.
You are welcomed to check out if the total momentum is conserved or not!

Embed a running copy of this simulation

Embed a running copy link(show simulation in a popuped window)
Full screen applet or Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
Press the Alt key and the left mouse button to drag the applet off the browser and onto the desktop. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Taiwan License
  • Please feel free to post your ideas about how to use the simulation for better teaching and learning.
  • Post questions to be asked to help students to think, to explore.
  • Upload worksheets as attached files to share with more users.
Let's work together. We can help more users understand physics conceptually and enjoy the fun of learning physics!


* Elastic collision and in-elastic collision.gif (18.22 KB, 724x565 - viewed 403 times.)
Logged
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member
*****
Offline Offline

Posts: 954



«
Embed this message
Reply #1 on: April 27, 2010, 11:20:49 pm » posted from:,,Brazil

An elastic collision is an encounter between two bodies in which the total kinetic energy of the two bodies after the encounter is equal to their total kinetic energy before the encounter. Elastic collisions occur only if there is no net conversion of kinetic energy into other forms. This definition applies to close encounters between a spacecraft and a gravitating body ( see gravity assist) as well as to actual collisions between individual atoms etc.

During the collision of small objects, kinetic energy is first converted to potential energy associated with a repulsive force between the particles (when the particles move against this force, i.e. the angle between the force and the relative velocity is obtuse), then this potential energy is converted back to kinetic energy (when the particles move with this force, i.e. the angle between the force and the relative velocity is acute).

The collisions of atoms are elastic collisions (Rutherford backscattering is one example).

The molecules—as distinct from atoms—of a gas or liquid rarely experience perfectly elastic collisions because kinetic energy is exchanged between the molecules’ translational motion and their internal degrees of freedom with each collision. At any one instant, half the collisions are, to a varying extent, inelastic collisions (the pair possesses less kinetic energy in their translational motions after the collision than before), and half could be described as “super-elastic” (possessing more kinetic energy after the collision than before). Averaged across the entire sample, molecular collisions can be regarded as essentially elastic as long as black-body photons are not permitted to carry away energy from the system.

In the case of macroscopic bodies, elastic collisions (except for near encounters with a gravtating body) are an ideal never fully realized, but approximated by the interactions of objects such as billiard balls.

When considering energies, possible rotational energy before and/or after a collision may also play a role.
Logged
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member
*****
Offline Offline

Posts: 954



«
Embed this message
Reply #2 on: April 27, 2010, 11:22:51 pm » posted from:,,Brazil

Data and images from  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elastic_collision


* Elastischer_1stoß2.gif (94.46 KB, 500x120 - viewed 437 times.)

* Elastischer_stoß2.gif (94.46 KB, 500x120 - viewed 392 times.)

* Elastischer_stoß.gif (53.58 KB, 500x60 - viewed 462 times.)

* Elastischer_stoß_2D.gif (208.6 KB, 500x200 - viewed 526 times.)
Logged
Pages: [1]   Go Up
  Print  
Life is an inspiration. ..."Mahatma Gandhi(1869-1984, The greatest leader of modern India)"
 
Jump to:  


Related Topics
Subject Started by Replies Views Last post
Ejs open source java applet 1D collision carts Elastic and Inelastic Collision « 1 2 3 »
Collaborative Community of EJS
lookang 78 90642 Last post January 16, 2018, 05:00:07 pm
by ufabet
Elastic collision and in-elastic collision
Dynamics
Fu-Kwun Hwang 0 9884 Last post May 24, 2009, 04:10:14 pm
by Fu-Kwun Hwang
1 D collision carts Elastic and Inelastic Collision
dynamics
ahmedelshfie 6 12682 Last post April 27, 2010, 02:16:18 am
by ahmedelshfie
Elastic 1D collision inquiry
Dynamics
Fu-Kwun Hwang 0 3283 Last post April 13, 2013, 10:13:51 am
by Fu-Kwun Hwang
Elastic 1D collision: viewed from center of mass frame
Dynamics
Fu-Kwun Hwang 0 5396 Last post April 13, 2013, 08:58:53 pm
by Fu-Kwun Hwang
Powered by MySQL Powered by PHP Powered by SMF 1.1.13 | SMF © 2006-2011, Simple Machines LLC Valid XHTML 1.0! Valid CSS!
Page created in 0.057 seconds with 24 queries.since 2011/06/15