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 Author Topic: Critical damping of spring  (Read 9023 times) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. Click to toggle author information(expand message area).
ahmedelshfie
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 « Embed this message on: April 26, 2010, 09:09:00 pm » posted from:,,Brazil

This applet about Critical damping of spring created by prof Hwang
Modified by Ahmed
Original project Critical damping of spring

For a spring with spring constant k, attached mass m, displacement x.
The equation of motion is F=m d2x/dt2= -k*x;
The nature frequence w0=sqrt(k/m);
If damping is introduced with a form of -b*v;
The equation become m d2x/dt2+ c dx/dt + k x =0;
The behavior of the system depends on the relative values of the two fundamental parameters, the natural frequency ω0 and the damping ratio ζ=c/ (2*sqrt(m*k));

When ζ = 1, the system is said to be critically damped.
When ζ > 1, the system is said to be over-damped.
when 0 ≤ ζ < 1,the system is under-damped.

The following simulation let you play with different parameters to view the differece between those 3 modes:
Initially, the system is set up at under-damped condition.
Drag the blue ball to the spring, you will find how under-damped look like.
Click b=b_critical to set it to critically damped condition, then click play to view the behavior.
When it is paused again, drag b to larger value to find out how over-damped look likes.

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ahmedelshfie
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 « Embed this message Reply #1 on: April 27, 2010, 08:25:46 pm » posted from:,,Brazil

Image from  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damping
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Discovery consists of seeing what everybody has seen and thinking what nobody has thought. ..."Albert von Szent-Gyorgyi(1893-1986, 1937 Nobel Prize for Medicine, Lived to 93)"