NTNUJAVA Virtual Physics LaboratoryEnjoy the fun of physics with simulations! Backup site http://enjoy.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ntnujava/
January 27, 2021, 10:55:02 am

Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication. ..."da Vinci (1452-1519, Italian artist, sculptor, painter, architect, engineer and scientist) "

 Pages: [1]   Go Down
 Author Topic: Rolling with or without slipping  (Read 6019 times) 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. Click to toggle author information(expand message area).
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member

Offline

Posts: 954

 « Embed this message on: April 23, 2010, 01:38:03 am » posted from:,,Brazil

This applet created by Prof Hwang
Modified by Ahmed
Original project Rolling with or without slipping

You can drag both end points of the plane to change the slope (angle)
If the friction coefficient is large enough, the circular object will rolling (without slipping) along the plane. (energy is conserved)
However, if the coefficient is too small, the object will slip along the plane and energy will be loss.
Plotting panel show traces for different energy:

Kinetic energy: (1/2) m v2
rotational energy: (1/2) I w2
potential energy: mgh

Can you identify all the traces?

-*-

You can drag cyan circle inside the rotating object, the trace for this small circle will be shown and the velocity vector(relative to object center ot ground) will be shown,too.

Embed a running copy of this simulation

Embed a running copy link(show simulation in a popuped window)
Full screen applet or Problem viewing java?Add http://www.phy.ntnu.edu.tw/ to exception site list
• Please feel free to post your ideas about how to use the simulation for better teaching and learning.
• Post questions to be asked to help students to think, to explore.
• Upload worksheets as attached files to share with more users.
Let's work together. We can help more users understand physics conceptually and enjoy the fun of learning physics!
 Rolling with or without slipping.gif (20.4 KB, 765x494 - viewed 605 times.) Logged
ahmedelshfie
Moderator
Hero Member

Offline

Posts: 954

 « Embed this message Reply #1 on: April 23, 2010, 01:43:26 am » posted from:,,Brazil

Assume the angle of the slope is $\theta$, mass of the disk is m, radius is R. The
momentum of inertia is $I=\frac{1}{2}mR^2.$
Let analysis this problem from the contact point between the disk and the slope.
The normal force between the disk and the slope is $mg \cos\theta$, and the force along the slope is $mg \sin\theta$,
Assume the friction between the disk and the slope is f.
The net force is $mg \sin\theta + f = m a$, where a is the acceleration along the slope.
(the friction force from the slope to the disk is in the same direction as acceleration a)

The condition for rolling without slipping is $a=R\alpha$
The torque is $\tau= R mg\sin\theta = I \alpha =\frac{1}{2}mR^2 \alpha=\frac{1}{2}m R R\alpha=\frac{1}{2}m Ra.$
So $mg\sin\theta=\frac{1}{2}m a, i.e. a =2g \sin\theta and f=ma- mg\sin\theta= mg\sin\theta$
Since the maximum static friction force f_{max}=mg\cos\theta\mu \ge mg\sin\theta,
it imply that$\mu\ge \tan\theta$ for the disk to rolling without slipping.

If it is a ball instead of a disk, then $I=\frac{2}{5}mR^2$.
$\tau= R mg\sin\theta = I \alpha =\frac{2}{5}mR^2\alpha=\frac{2}{5}m R a$
So$mg\sin\theta=\frac{2}{5}ma, or a=\frac{5}{2}g\sin\theta.$
$f=ma -mg\sin\theta=\frac{3}{5}ma=\frac{3}{2}g\sin\theta$.
So the condition for rolling without slipping becomes$\mu \ge \frac{2}{3}\tan\theta$.
 « Last Edit: April 23, 2010, 01:45:36 am by ahmedelshfie » Logged
 Pages: [1]   Go Up
Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication. ..."da Vinci (1452-1519, Italian artist, sculptor, painter, architect, engineer and scientist) "