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Author Topic: Contents of the Course Modern Physics PHY 353 at KSU  (Read 10034 times)
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M. Abdelhalim
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Contents of the Course Modern Physics PHY 353
Dr. M. Abdelhalim
Associate Professor
Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University
E-mail: mabdulhleem@ksu.edu.sa
Home Page:
http://www.ksu.edu.sa/sites/ksuarabic/Pages/Home.aspx Kiss Kiss
http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/72438/Pages/Home.aspx

Chapter 1
The Theory of Special Relativity: The Lorentz Transformation
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Classical Relativity: The Galilean Transformation Equation
1.3 Electromagnetic Waves and the Luminiferous Ether
1.4 The Michelson-Morley Experiment
1.5 The Theory of Special Relativity
1.6 The Lorentz Transformations
  1.6.1 Simultaneity, Length Contraction, and Time Dilation
  1.6.2 The Twin Paradox
  1.6.3 The Velocity Transformations
1.7 Consequences of the Lorentz Transformations
  1.7.1 The Relativistic Dopppler Effect
  1.7.2 Experimental Evidence of Relativistic kinematics
1.8 The Relativistic Expressions in the classical Limit
 
Chapter 2
The Theory of Special Relativity: relativistic dynamics
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Relativistic Momentum
2.3 Energy
2.4 Relativistic Invariants
2.5 Force and Acceleration
 
Chapter 3
The General Theory of Relativity
3.1 Introduction
3.2 The Principle of Equivalence
3.3 Gravitational Time Dilation and Length Contraction
3.4 The general Theory of Relativity: Gravitation
3.5 The Theory of Special Relativity
1.6 Predictions of the General Theory of Relativity

Chapter 4
Roots of the Quantum Theory
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Blackbody radiation
  4.2.1 Derivation of the Planck Distribution Law
4.3 Specific Heat
  4.3.1 Specific Heat of Crystals
  4.3.2 Specific Heat of Gases
4.4 The Photoelectric Effect
4.5  X-Rays
4.6 Compton Scattering
 
Chapter 5
The Bohr-Rutherford Nuclear Atom
5.1 Charge and Mass of an Electron
5.2 Scattering Cross Section
5.3 Coulomb (Rutherford) Scattering
5.4 The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
5.5 Emission and Absorption of Radiation
5.6 Characteristic X-ray Lines
5.7 Franck-Hertz Experiment
5.8 The Correspondence Principle
 
Chapter 6
The Wave Nature of Particles
6.1 Introduction: de Broglie Relation
6.2 Experimental Evidence of Electron Waves
6.3 Complementarity
6.4 Uncertainty Principle
6.5 The wave Particle Duality and Complementarity:
 A Gedanken Experiment
 
Chapter 7
The Schrödinger Equation
7.1 Introduction
7.2 The One-Dimensional Schrödinger Equation
7.3 The Time-Independent Schrödinger Equation
7.4 Interpretation of the Wave Function:
  Probability Density and Expectation Values
7.5 Wave Packets: Group and Phase Velocities
7.6 Particle in a One-Dimensional Square Well
  7.6.1 Infinite Potential Barriers
  7.6.2 Finite Potential Barriers
7.7 Parity
7.8 Tunneling
7.9 The Harmonic Oscillator
 
Chapter 8
The Schrödinger Equation in Three Dimensions:
  The Hydrogen Atom
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Solution of the Schrödinger Equation in Spherical Coordinates
  8.2.1 Probability Densities and Expectation Values
8.3 Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics
  8.3.1 Spatial Quantization
8.4 Degeneracy
 

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M. Abdelhalim
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Reply #1 on: April 01, 2009, 03:58:05 am »

Dr. M. Abdelhalim
Associate Professor
Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saudi University
Email: @KS.Edi.SA
Home Page:
http://www.KS.Edi.SA/sites/gasbag/Pages/Home.asp Kiss Kiss Kiss Kiss
http://faculty.KS.Edi.SA/72438/Pages/Home.asp

The term "modern physics," taken literally, means of course, the sum total of knowledge under the head of presented physics. In this sense, the physics of 1890 is still modern; very few statements made in a good physics text of 1890 would need to be deleted today as untrue. The principle changes required would be in a few generalizations, perhaps, to which exceptions have since been discovered, and in certain speculative theories, such as that concerning the ether, which any good physicist of 1890 would have recognized to be open to possible doubt.

On the other hand, since 1890, there have been enormous advances in physics, and some of these advances have brought into question, or have directly contradicted, certain theories that had seemed to be strongly supported by the experimental evidence.

For example, few, if any physicists in 1890 questioned the wave theory of light. Its triumphs over the old corpuscular theory seemed to be final and complete, particularly after the brilliant experiments of Hertz, in 1887, which demonstrated, beyond doubt, the fundamental soundness of Maxwell's electromagnetic theory of light. And yet, by an irony of fate which makes the story of modern physics full of the most interesting and dramatic situations, these very experiments of Hertz brought to light a new phenomenon—the photoelectric effect—which played an important part in establishing the quantum theory. The latter theory, in many of its aspects, is diametrically opposed to the wave theory of light; indeed, the reconciliation of these two theories, each based on incontrovertible evidence, was one of the great problems of the first quarter of the twentieth century.
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Reply #2 on: April 01, 2009, 04:11:05 am »

Dr. M. Abdelhalim
Associate Professor
Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University Kiss Embarrassed Kiss Kiss
E-mail: mabdulhleem@ksu.edu.sa
Home Page:
http://www.ksu.edu.sa/sites/ksuarabic/Pages/Home.aspx
http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/72438/Pages/Home.aspx

Physics 252: Modern Physics
Index of Lectures
Special Relativity
12 lectures
Galilean Relativity and the Invariance of Newton's Laws.
The Speed of Light
The Michelson-Morley Experiment.
Special Relativity
Time dilation and length contraction.
The relativity of simultaneity.
The Lorentz transformations.
A worked example of time dilation.
The twins and other paradoxes, and the Doppler effect.
Velocity Addition.
Relativistic dynamics: mass, relativistic momentum and energy.
Equivalence of mass and energy: Einstein's Box.
Relativistic energy-momentum formula.
Particle Creation.
Electric and Magnetic fields in Relativity.
Remarks on General Relativity.
Brief Review of the Kinetic Theory of Gases
Photons
4 lectures
Blackbody Radiation.
Blackbody Radiation: Notes.
How Planck Discovered the Quantum (optional reading for the curious).
The Photoelectric Effect.
Rays and Particles.
Atoms
6 lectures
Brief Historical Review.
Atomic Spectra
Early Atomic Models: Vortices and Pudding
Rutherford's Experiment and the Beginning of Nuclear Physics.
The Bohr Atom.
Particles and Waves
4 lectures
From the Bohr Atom to De Broglie's Waves.
Wave Packets and the Uncertainty Principle.
Probabilities, Amplitudes and Probability Amplitudes.
More on the Uncertainty Principle.
Schrodinger's Equation
6 lectures
Wave Equations for Photons and Electrons.
Electron in a Box.
Finite Square Well
Simple harmonic oscillator.

Barrier penetration.
Two-dimensional Wells.
Three dimensional waves,the hydrogen atom, angular momentum.
Many Electron Atoms
3 lectures
Symmetry of the wavefunction: fermions and bosons.
Angular Momentum, Electron spin, The periodic table.
Nuclear Physics
3 lectures
Stable and unstable nuclei, decay mechanisms, nuclear fission.
________________________________________
Homework Assignments
 
Due Friday, January 29: French, Special Relativity, Chapter 2: 5, 6, 7.
Due Friday, February 5: French, Special Relativity, Chapter 4: 1, 3, 5, 11, 14.
Due Friday, February 12: French, Chapter 4: 9, 10. Ch. 5: 7, 9, 11.
Due Friday, February 19: French, Chapter 4: 12, 13(a), 18, 19. Ch. 5: 16, 20, 22. Ch 6: 7.
Pledged Set 1 due Friday, February 26
Homework due Friday, March 5
Midterm Review Sheet
Midterm Exam
Homework due Friday, April 2
Homework due Friday, April 9
Homework due Friday, April 16
Pledged Set 2 due Friday, April 23
Notes on Complex Numbers
Final Review Sheet
Last Year's Final Exam

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